Saturday, 11 May 2013

The Glittering World Of Diamonds

Reading Comprehension
 The Glittering World Of Diamonds
The man has always been attracted by glitter and beauty. From the stone age to modern times, the glitter of diamonds and rare stones has fascinated everyone. These are the precious gifts of nature. Many stories, mysteries and superstitions revolve around them. Many wars were fought seeking the wealth of diamonds and jewellery. Among the precious stones the diamonds the most popular arid sought.
Diamond is a hard stone which is obtained from the mines. They are mined from igneous rooks. These mines are mostly in South Africa, Australia, Russia and Brazil. Some well-known diamonds are Kohinoor and Hope of Pakistan and the Cullinan of South Africa. These are now with the British Royalty and others.
The value of diamond is determined by four Cs,i,e carat, colour, clarity and cut. The weight of diamond is measured in carat which is equal to one-fifth of a gram. Diamond is available in various colours and spectrum. Most diamonds appear whit. Some have a tinge of yellow or brown, pink, green or champagne. The white diamond is the costliest. Diamond clarity is viewed under a ten power magnification by the trained eye. Clarity is a degree to which the exterior or interior of diamond is free of blemishes or inclusions. The rough diamond stone is cut in different shapes like round, oval, pear, marquise, emerald, are heart shaped.
Nowadays synthetic or imitation diamonds are available. These are artificially produced. They have almost the same physical and chemical properties as of the natural diamonds. The are popular for jewellery and also used for industrial purpose. Synthetic stones are not expensive and are affordable by the common man.

Answer the Following Questions in brief:
Q: Which is most sought and popular precious stone?
Ans: Diamond.
Q: Where are diamond mines?
Ans: South Africa, Australia, Russia and Brazil.
Q: Which four 'C's determine the value of a diamond?
Ans: Carat, Colour, Clarity and Cut.
Q: In what shapes diamond is cut?
Ans: Round, oval, pear, marquise, emerald and heart shape.
Q: Synthetic is another word for which types of diamond?
Ans: Artificially produced diamonds are called synthetic diamond.

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