The Wonders of Psychology
Among these wonder-revealing sciences the science of the human personality psychology is not less wonderful. Just as we are apt to accept the phenomena of birth of the existence of hills and seas of the rise of the sun and the revolutions of the stars without further thought so are we apt to regard the operations of our own minds. We never pause to reflect what a wonderful world there is inside us whose processes whose dark spaces and inscrutable laws and operations are as unknown to us as the laws and operations of the vast objective universe. |Modern psychology is a vast and experimental science which has place before modern man so many new and wonderful facts about his own nature which he had never suspected before. These new facts throw an altogether over prizing light on the nature of man and alter our conception of his mind his personality and the elements which go to compose which go to compose what is called his mental make-up. One of the greatest names in psychological research which has given the stimulus to inquiry into the operations of our mind is that of Doctor Sigmund Freud who was an Austrian physician, and whose interest in the mental make-up of his patients and the perceived connection between the development of disease and the state of the mind led to make inquiries into the entire structure of the mind of man. The worked which Freud began was taken up and further developed by Jung, Adler, MacDougall and others.
What psychology reveals to us is that the portion of our mental life which we call the conscious is a very small part indeed f our total mental life. According to a famous simile the human mind may be pictured as a floating iceberg a large part of which is submerged in the sea and a very small portion alone is floating above surface. This small portion is the conscious or that part which acts according to our deliberate will and purpose. It is that portion which aims and plans our movements in life which acts socially and decently which makes us clever calculating and responsible individuals. But alas this decent and responsible self is a very small portion indeed of our total self. Lying underneath this consciousness are the unfathomed and dark gulfs of the unconscious. which have in them vague unknown and uncontrollable forces. called instincts and urges. These uncontrolled instincts are the real motive forces of our nature. They represent the primitive or animal nature in us linking us up with the savage the tiger and the wolf. However much we try to discipline this animal in us it breaks loose from our discipline and is consequently coming to the surface. Old thinkers called this the lower self the human nature of the Old Adam in us. This self is the seat of our fury our greed our lust our revenge and our cruelty. This self it is out of which proceed our rash and sudden deeds which we do in haste and repent over at leaser when the discipline and criticism of the conscious reassert themselves. This unconscious is the master before whom we are so helpless. It can humiliate us before others it can impel us towards crime towards all that is forbidden by the rules which society has established for smooth functioning while morality is a bundle of Nos' (Thou shalt not kill. Thou shalt not steal, etc). The unconscious is like a child constantly attracted towards this that and the other forbidden object and sometimes is breaking away from restraints to fulfill its desires.
Our dreams psychology tells us are not a foretelling about the future as the superstitious have in all ages imagined them to be but are a record and revelation of our past. It is from a man's dreams that you can know of the impulses desires fears, inhibitions and complexes in his nature. (These last are terms invented by psychology to represent certain processes in our nature). What we have missed in life we may fulfill the desire for it in a dream representation. What we dare not wish for or acquire in life we acquire or grab under a scarcely recognizable disguise in a dream. Dream interpretation helps to detect a man's mental disease to cure him of the twists and flaws in his personality and to make him a normal individual by knowing and tracking down the deformities in his nature.
Modern psychology therefore reveals untold wonders of our nature. It has already proved to be a valuable ally of the philosopher and of the inquirer into problems of morality it has thrown a light on the working of human nature which has revolutionized our conceptions of morality. religion and so many uncritically accepted conceptions.