Our National Poet
Allama Muhammad Iqbal our national was born in Sialkot on November 9, 1877. His father, Shaikh Noor Muhammad was a religious and pious man. His mother was also a pious lady. Their education and training deeply impressed his life.
He completed his study of the Holy Qur'an before passing the Matriculation examination from the local Mission High School. He passed his Intermediate examination from Murray College, Sialkot where Sayyed Mir Hassan taught him with utmost care and attention to develop his talents. Under his kind guidance he was able to develop his taste in Arabic, Persian and Islamic Studies.
Then he moved to Lahore. There he joined the Government College and did his M. A. in Philosophy. Here he had the honour of being the favourite pupil of Dr. Arnold who once said, ''Pupil like Iqbal enables his teacher to be a research scholar. ''He learnt modern ideas from his capable teacher. He then taught at Government College (now University) and at University Oriental College, Lahore. It was the beginning period of his poetry.
Then he went abroad for higher studies. He studied law in England and became a barrister. Then he went over to Germany, where he studied Philosophy and was awarded the Ph.D. degree. That is why he is also known as Doctor.
He was a great poet and thinker. In his poetry he gave the Muslims the message of hope. He taught them self-respect and gave them a sense of dignity. He showed them their glorious past and give them the hope of a bright future.
He is called the poet of the East. He took interest in politics also. In his speech at Allahabad in 1930, he expressed the idea that Muslims of India should have their own independent state. Thus he gave the idea of Pakistan. He asked Quaid-e-Azam to accept the leadership of the Muslim league in the struggle for achieving Pakistan.
He passed away on the 21st of April, 1938. He was buried in Lahore near Baadshahi Masjid 9mosque). The names of some of his packs of poetry are Bang-e-Dira, Bal-e-Jibreel, Zarb-e-Kaleem, Pyam-e-Mashriq, Javed Nama, Zaboor-e-Ajam and Asrar-e-Khudi.